Gastroenteritis in children

Overview

Acute gastroenteritis results from infection of the gastrointestinal tract, most commonly with a virus. It is characterised by rapid onset of diarrhoea with or without vomiting, nausea, fever, and abdominal pain.[1] In children, the symptoms and signs can be non-specific.[2] Diarrhoea is defined as the frequent passage of unformed, liquid stools.[3] Regardless of the cause, the mainstay of management of acute gastroenteritis is provision of adequate fluids to prevent and treat dehydration. The WHO also recommends administration of oral zinc.[4] In this review, we examine the benefits and harms of interventions to prevent and treat gastroenteritis, irrespective of its cause.

Latest citations

Diagnosing clinically significant dehydration in children with acute gastroenteritis using noninvasive methods: a meta-analysis. ( 22 May 2015 )

Randomized Double-Blind Controlled Trial of Bovine Lactoferrin for Prevention of Diarrhea in Children. ( 12 May 2015 )