Gastroenteritis in children

Overview

Acute gastroenteritis results from infection of the gastrointestinal tract, most commonly with a virus. It is characterised by rapid onset of diarrhoea with or without vomiting, nausea, fever, and abdominal pain.[1] In children, the symptoms and signs can be non-specific.[2] Diarrhoea is defined as the frequent passage of unformed, liquid stools.[3] Regardless of the cause, the mainstay of management of acute gastroenteritis is provision of adequate fluids to prevent and treat dehydration. The WHO also recommends administration of oral zinc.[4] In this review, we examine the benefits and harms of interventions to prevent and treat gastroenteritis, irrespective of its cause.

Latest citations

Efficacy of a monovalent human-bovine (116E) rotavirus vaccine in Indian infants: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. (16 May 2014)

Anti-rotavirus protein reduces stool output in infants with diarrhea: a randomized placebo-controlled trial. (07 January 2014)