Gastroenteritis in children

Overview

Acute gastroenteritis results from infection of the gastrointestinal tract, most commonly with a virus. It is characterised by rapid onset of diarrhoea with or without vomiting, nausea, fever, and abdominal pain.[1] In children, the symptoms and signs can be non-specific.[2] Diarrhoea is defined as the frequent passage of unformed, liquid stools.[3] Regardless of the cause, the mainstay of management of acute gastroenteritis is provision of adequate fluids to prevent and treat dehydration. The WHO also recommends administration of oral zinc.[4] In this review, we examine the benefits and harms of interventions to prevent and treat gastroenteritis, irrespective of its cause.

Latest citations

Vaccines for preventing rotavirus diarrhoea: vaccines in use. ( 18 September 2014 )

Vaccines for preventing rotavirus diarrhoea: vaccines in use. ( 18 September 2014 )