Breast pain


Breast pain can be differentiated into cyclical mastalgia (worse before a menstrual period) or non-cyclical mastalgia (unrelated to the menstrual cycle).[1][2] Cyclical pain is often bilateral, usually most severe in the upper outer quadrants of the breast, and may be referred to the medial aspect of the upper arm.[1][2][3] Non-cyclical pain may be caused by true breast pain or chest wall pain, located over the costal cartilages.[1][2][4] Specific breast pathology and referred pain unrelated to the breasts are not included in this review.

Latest citations

An individualized representational intervention to improve symptom management (IRIS) in older breast cancer survivors: three pilot studies. (12 December 2013)

Preliminary evaluation of psychoeducational support interventions on quality of life in rural breast cancer survivors after primary treatment. (12 December 2013)