Fracture prevention in postmenopausal women

Overview

This review covers interventions to prevent fractures in postmenopausal women. A fracture is a break or disruption of bone or cartilage, and may be symptomatic or asymptomatic. Symptoms and signs may include immobility, pain, tenderness, numbness, bruising, joint deformity, joint swelling, limb deformity, and limb shortening.[1] Diagnosis: Fracture is usually diagnosed on the basis of a typical clinical picture (see above) combined with results from an appropriate imaging technique. Usually, in trials dealing with osteoporosis, menopause is considered to be present 12 months after the last menstruation.[2]