Low back pain (chronic)


Low back pain is pain, muscle tension, or stiffness localised below the costal margin and above the inferior gluteal folds, with or without leg pain (sciatica),[1] and is defined as chronic when it persists for 12 weeks or more (see definition of low back pain [acute]).[2] Non-specific low back pain is pain not attributed to a recognisable pathology (such as infection, tumour, osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, fracture, or inflammation).[1] This review excludes chronic low back pain with symptoms or signs at presentation that suggest a specific underlying condition. People solely with sciatica (lumbosacral radicular syndrome) and pain due to herniated discs, or both, are also excluded. People in this review have chronic low back pain (>12 weeks' duration).

Latest citations

The Surgical Management of Degenerative Lumbar Spondylolisthesis: A Systematic Review. ( 18 September 2014 )

Lumbar spine fusion for chronic low back pain due to degenerative disc disease: a systematic review. ( 18 September 2014 )